Join us at 1 P.M. on select Sundays to hear testimony from a Holocaust survivor. Free with admission.


Fran Malkin was born in Sokal, near Lvov Poland in 1938. She grew up in an orthodox family. In 1939, Russia occupied her town. Under Communist rule under Stalin, her family’s properties were taken away and strangers occupied their home. In spring 1941 the Germans invaded Poland. When they came into Sokal, they required all Jewish able-bodied men between the ages of 16-60 to report to the town square for labor. 400 Jewish men, including her father, were taken to a brick factory and shot. She was two years old. The family was later forced into the Ghetto. In the fall of 1942, the family went into hiding. They were among sixteen people who were hidden for two years in the hayloft of a barn by Francisca Halamajowa, 13 in the hayloft over the pigsty and 3 in a hole under her kitchen. Before the war, there were 6000 Jews in Sokal. After the war, only 30 had survived. Fran came to the United States in January 1949, when she was 10 years old.


Natalie Gonenn was born in Chelm, Poland. In 1939, she went into hiding in an underground bunker for 8 months. She was smuggled across the border from River Bouk to Russia. In Russia, she lived in train stations and cattle wagons. She eventually made her way to Poland and lived in an orphanage. After the war, Natalie lived in a displaced persons camp for a few months until she made her way to Palestine and arrived in Israel at the age of 12. Natalie later served in the Israeli army for two years. She arrived in the United States in 1960.


Ray Kaner was born in Lodz, Poland. She endured Ghetto Lodz, and was transported to Auschwitz in August 1944 during the liquidation of the ghetto. She was later transported to the labor camp Hambieren, Germany where she was liberated by the British on April 15, 1945. She and her husband arrived in New York City in 1946. She has been closely involved with the Center for Holocaust Studies, has been an oral history interviewer, and has spoken extensively to schools and community groups.



TOP: Speaker Sally Frishberg in discussion with a student visitor. Photo by Melanie Einzig.

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